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20 April, 2017

On-Page SEO: A must-have list of basic steps

SEO
Best Practices
General

on-page seo

Everybody’s doing the SEO dance now. Well, not just now… it’s actually been going on for many years. As such a long-existing practice, it has become almost redundant naming some over-used terms from this field, such as ‘on-page SEO’ and ‘off-page SEO’.

However, it seems people who dabble in the arts of SEO still get these two mixed up and at times are not even sure what qualifies as on-page SEO, the foundation of any new webpage. This is where this post comes in handy: scroll down to see our list of basic on-page SEO steps for recently created or updated webpages.

Keyword Research

First things first – you have a website or a webpage. You know what you want to feature on that page – be it a product, a service or even simple information. Now you must make sure that users are actually able to find it. The first step of this metaphorical ladder is made up of keywords.

Decide on words you would like to target and search for their volume using a keyword planning tool (we suggest Google’s tool for the most precise data).

Cross reference the keywords’ search volume with their relevance to your product, alongside competition, and create a list with that data. Now it is time to choose the keywords best fitting your page. It is recommended to use one primary keyword several times within your page, and to mention a few secondary keywords throughout it.

Competitor Research

Check out the competition. No, seriously – check your competitors. Search Google for the terms you would like to rank for and analyze the sites that are ranking on the first results page. What do they look like? How informative are they? What words repeat on their landing page, and what are the highlighted words? Are they placed in titles? You can learn a lot from the strongest websites and even improve on what they are doing.

Differentiate between your pages

Make sure each one of your planned or existing pages is unique, or at least unique enough. The reason for this is both technical and UX-oriented: a page should target a specific keyword or search term. No two pages should have the same content, as it is both boring for the user, and might result in Google penalizing a site for duplicate content on different pages.

Distinguishing pages’ topics by keywords also helps each page rank higher for its keyword of purpose, e.g. a page about buying an apartment vs. a page for leasing one.

Meta Tags

These are IMPORTANT. Never underestimate the power of titles and descriptions (and headers, though they are not technically ‘metas’). The rules are simple:

Meta Titles

  • Keep your keyword as close to the beginning of your meta title as possible
  • Make sure it is grammatically correct and understandable
  • Be informative
  • Refrain from a promotional style
  • Make it about 55 characters long (not longer than 70)

Meta Descriptions

  • Make them informative
  • Use your keyword at least once
  • Make it shorter than 165 characters long
  • Add any information that might be useful for users that find your page in search results

Headers

  • Make sure your page has an <h1> header, as high up on the page as possible
  • Do not copy your meta title
  • There is no length limit, but make sure it is both informational and to the point
  • Add <h2> headers where possible to break up group text

Links

Linkbuilding might be important – but it should not be overdone with new pages. Instead, this process takes time, and it is true for recently updated pages as well as new ones. Many websites bombard a new (or updated) page with incoming links, something that might end up hurting, rather than helping, a site. Such practice is, more often than not, treated by Google as ‘spammy behaviour’.

In addition, make sure a page links to relevant sources (might very well be an authority website, often a news source, such as CNN) or inner links to other relevant pages within the site, e.g. a website about fruit might have one page about oranges linking to another page about lemons.

However, keep in mind that you would rather keep a user on your site, so try and link through a new tab, and only below the fold of your page.

Fetch as Google

Once you believe your page is ready, you are ready to log into Google Search Console (the website formerly known as Webmaster Tools) and use the Fetch as Google tool. By using this tool, you can do two things:

  • See how Google crawls your page
  • Quicken the actual indexing of the page by Google

Google even suggests using this tool for individual pages, but recommends using a website’s sitemap for a large number of pages that need (re)indexing.

 

So, this is it. These are our first steps when auditing a new (or recently updated) webpage’s on-page SEO. There are, of course, several more crucial factors – such as using canonical tags correctly, reviewing the sitemap, linking to the page and even more in-depth factors to the steps above, like monitoring a page’s performance and its rankings.

No worries, though! When we do a follow-up on this post, we will remind you what we have covered with a short “Previously, on…”!

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